A total of 110 journalists were killed around the world in 2015, Reporters Without Borders (RSF) have said, noting that while many died in war zones the majority were killed in “countries at peace”.
In its annual report published on Tuesday, the Paris-based organization said 67 journalists were killed in the line of duty this year – up from 66 in 2014.
RSF listed war-torn Iraq and Syria as the most dangerous places for journalists, with 11 and 10 fatalities respectively, followed by France, where eight journalists were killed in an assault on a satirical magazine.
A further 43 journalists around the world died in circumstances that were unclear, the group said. An additional 27 non-professional “citizen-journalists” and seven other media workers were also killed in 2015.
The high toll is “largely attributable to deliberate violence against journalists” and demonstrates the failure of initiatives to protect media personnel, the watchdog said.
In particular, the group’s report highlighted the growing role of “non-state groups” – often armed groups such as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) – in perpetrating atrocities against journalists.
Two-thirds of the journalists killed in 2014 were in war zones, but this year was the exact opposite, with “two-thirds killed in countries ‘at peace'”, said RSF.
The 67 deaths bring to 787 the total number of journalists killed in connection with their work since 2005, according to the group
RSF Secretary General Christophe Deloire urged the international community to take action for the protection of journalists.
“Non-state groups perpetrate targeted atrocities while too many governments do not comply with their obligations under international law,” he said.
“The 110 journalists killed this year need a response that matches the emergency. A special representative of the United Nations secretary-general for the safety of journalists must be appointed without delay.”
Source: Al Jazeera…More…